IUCN status
Least Concern
Scientific name
Pyxicephalus adspersus
Savannah, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland

African bullfrog facts 

  • Male bullfrogs are incredible parents and look after their young. Tadpoles develop in small pools which often dry out, if the pool dries out too much the male will dig a channel to a larger pool and the young can continue their development without the risk of drying out.
  • These frogs are renowned for their monstrous appetite. The general rule for this predator is: if it moves, it’s a meal. African bullfrogs have been known to eat large birds, monitor lizards, snakes, and even other African bullfrogs!
  • The African bullfrog is fossorial for most of the year, which means that during this time, it remains in burrows or cocoons. It emerges at the start of the rains to breed in shallow pools and ditches.
African bullfrog sleeping

What do African bullfrogs look like?

These frogs have large bodies with broad ridged backs and strong hind legs. The sexes can be identified through the colour of their underbellies. Females usually have creamy beige bellies, whilst the males tend to have yellow or orange bellies and throats. On all frogs the rest of the body is usually coloured olive green.

What do bullfrogs eat?

Invertebrates, lizards, birds and other small vertebrates - almost any small animals that will fit in their mouths! 

African bullfrog Jabba at London Zoo

African bull frog habitat

Dry savannah, moist savannah, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

Where do African bullfrogs live? 

Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

African bull frog threats

Habitat loss, forest clearing. 

Mountain chicken conservation at London Zoo

Our Zookeepers are raising mountain chickens in a biosecure facility at the Zoo, which will act as a source for future populations in Montserrat. Discover how we're leading a recovery of species across the globe. 

Amphibians and reptiles at the Zoo

  • White's tree frog perched on a metal bar
    Litoria caerulea

    White's tree frog

    White's tree frogs skin exudes a waxy coating that helps prevent evaporation and are commonly found around houses in Australia.

  • Philippine Crocodile at London Zoo
    Crocodylus mindorensis

    Philippine crocodile

    There are one only around 120 left in the wild, but we are working to recover Philippine crocodiles at the Zoo and in the field.

  • Chinese giant salamander being held during a health check at London Zoo
    Andrias davidianus

    Chinese giant salamander

    Chinese giant salamanders are the world's biggest amphibian, at full size they are around the size of a fully grown man at 1.8m in length.  

  • Female Lake Oku frog
    Xenopus longipes

    Lake Oku clawed frog

    Lake Oku frogs are only found in one tiny lake in Cameroon, and we were the first to ever successfully breed this critically endangered species.

  • King cobra
    Ophiophagus hannah

    King cobra

    These massive snakes grow 18 feet long and primarily eat other snakes.

  • Black axolotl
    Ambystoma mexicanum


    They have the ability to regenerate digits and limbs, and despite being commonly bred in captivity, they are almost extinct in the wild.

  • Caiman lizard drinking water, nice reflection in water.
    Dracaena guianensis

    Caiman lizard

    These lizards have specialised teeth eat snails, with large molars to crush snail shells.

  • Dougie Poynter meets Komodo dragon on meet the animal experience
    Perfect gift for reptile lovers

    The Komodo dragon experience

    Ever wondered what it's like to work with a fierce Komodo dragon day to day? Now's your chance to step into a keeper’s shoes and head behind-the-scenes for a truly unique experience for reptile lovers.

  • All our animals