Enclosure status
Population in the wild
IUCN status
Critically Endangered
Scientific name
Mauremys annamensis

Annam leaf turtle facts

The Annam leaf turtle is one of the most endangered reptiles on earth, there are only around 50 remaining individuals in the wild. Annam leaf turtles were once thought to be extinct after not being seen in the wild for 65 years, partly because they like to hide themselves in thick vegetation. Not much is known about the Annam leaf turtle because of their rarity, but at our conservation Zoo we are working to better understand the species to help recover the species. 

  • In the past this species was considered a pest; large individuals would walk through rice crops and flatten the plants. This species has now been collected to near extinction for food and traditional medicine.
  • The economic value of this species has recently increased and as a result the species has been highly sought after, often for illegal farming operations..
  • Annam leaf turtles do not live in any protected area. 

Our work restoring species globally

Chinese giant salamander being examined for health checks at London Zoo
More than just a zoo...

Conservation in action

When you visit London Zoo, you’re doing great things with your great day out. We are more than just a zoo – we are part of ZSL, a global conservation charity.

Annam Leaf Turtle face
Annam Leaf Turtle at London Zoo exhibit highlighting the threat from the luxury food market.

What do Annam leaf turtles look like?

Annam leaf turtles have dark heads with three or four yellow stripes down the side, the carapace (upper shell) is dark brown while their plastron (underside of the shell) or orange with black marks on each scute.

What do Annam leaf turtles eat?

Invertebrates, fish and occasionally aquatic vegetation.

Annam leaf turtle threats

Illegally hunted and traded for food and traditional medicine. They are also threatened due to habitat loss and modification.

Annam leaf turtle conservation

We've supported the work of the Asian Turtle Programme, which aims to establish a safe and sustainable future for the Annam leaf turtle and other Asian turtles.  Our sister conservation Zoo, Whipsnade, coordinated the EEP for the Annam leaf turtle, 

More facts about our reptiles!

  • King cobra at London Zoo
    Ophiophagus hannah

    King cobra

    These massive snakes grow 18 feet long and primarily eat other snakes.

  • Two Galapagos tortoises at London Zoo
    Chelonoidis niger

    Galapagos tortoises

    With a lifespan of 177 years old, some Galapagos tortoises alive today would have around since before the American civil war. 

  • Caiman lizard drinking water, nice reflection in water.
    Dracaena guianensis

    Caiman lizard

    These lizards have specialised teeth eat snails, with large molars to crush snail shells.

  • Komodo dragon at London Zoo
    Varanus komodoensis

    Komodo dragon

    The largest and heaviest reptile in the world, which can eat up to 80% of its body weight in just one feeding.

  • Philippine Crocodile at London Zoo
    Crocodylus mindorensis

    Philippine crocodile

    There are one only around 120 left in the wild, but we are working to recover Philippine crocodiles at the Zoo and in the field.

  • Our animals